Related Articles Abdominal surface i.v. access as a temporising measure in resuscitation. Emerg Med Australas. 2017 Feb;29(1):120-121 Authors: Ting J PMID: 28004507 [PubMed – indexed for...Read More
Longer trinucleotide repeats of androgen receptor are associated with higher testosterone and low oxytocin levels in diabetic premature ejaculatory dysfunction patients.
Longer trinucleotide repeats of androgen receptor are associated with higher testosterone and low oxytocin levels in diabetic premature ejaculatory dysfunction patients. Basic Clin Androl. 2018;28:3 Authors: Khan HL, Bhatti S, Abbas S, Khan YL, Gonzalez RMM, Aslamkhan M, Gonzalez GR, Aydin HH Abstract Background: Despite its worldwide high occurrence, the obscurity regarding the description, epidemiology and management of premature ejaculation remains provocative. It is well established that male premature ejaculatory dysfunction is an increasing problem due to spontaneous ejaculation across a variety of general and clinical subjects. The main goal of this study was to determine the relationships between trinucleotide repeats of the androgen receptor (AR), sex steroids, and pituitary hormones with sexual function in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and reported with acquired premature ejaculation (PE). Methods: A total of 150 normal and 250 PE + DM subjects were enrolled in this study. Each subject was invited to fill out an elaborative questionnaire to acquire precise selective information regarding BMI, duration of PE + DM, self-reported Intra-Vaginal Ejaculatory Latency Time (IELT), sexual and mental health status by using the premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between clinical, hormonal, and genetic variables. Ward’s minimum variance cluster analysis and principal component analysis were used for evaluation of dependence between genetic, clinical, and demographic parameters. Results: The patients who have the lowest...Read More
Laparoscopic gastric bypass for the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a comparison of Roux-en-Y versus single anastomosis gastric bypass.
Laparoscopic gastric bypass for the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a comparison of Roux-en-Y versus single anastomosis gastric bypass. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2018 Apr;14(4):509-515 Authors: Almalki OM, Lee WJ, Chong K, Ser KH, Lee YC, Chen SC Abstract BACKGROUND: In recent years, gastric bypass surgery has been found to have therapeutic potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the difference between 2 bypass procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and another single anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB), is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences between SAGB and RYGB in the efficacy of T2D remission in obese patients. SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital. METHODS: Outcomes of 406 (259 women and 147 male) patients who had undergone RYGB (157) or SAGB (249) for the treatment of T2D with 1-year follow-up were assessed. The remission of T2D after surgery was evaluated in matched groups, including body mass index (BMI) and the ABCD scoring system, which comprises patient age, BMI, C-peptide levels, and duration of T2D (yr). RESULTS: The weight loss of the SAGB patients at 1 year after surgery was better than the RYGB patients (24.1% [8.4%] versus 30.7% [8.7%]; P<.001). The mean BMI decreased from 39.9 (8.0) to 27.4 (4.6) kg/m2 in SAGB patients at 1 year after surgery and decreased from 34.5 (6.6) to 26.2 (4.2) kg/m2 in the RYGB patients. The mean glycated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) decreased...Read More
Clinical and Physiological Characterization of Elevated Plasma Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Levels (Hyperglipemia) in a Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Mutation Carrier.
Clinical and Physiological Characterization of Elevated Plasma Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Levels (Hyperglipemia) in a Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Mutation Carrier. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018;9:62 Authors: Zhao D, Zhao S, Wang X, Su M, Liu W, Ma Q, Hong J, Gu W, Li J, Liu R, Ning G, Wang J, Zhang Y Abstract The clinical application of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP4i) increasing active glucagon-like peptide-1 (AGLP-1) levels has been linked to pancreatitis, pancreatic tumors, and cardiovascular events. However, DPP4 mutations in humans or the long-term outcomes of high glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) level exposure have not been reported. A trio family with a proband showing an extremely high AGLP-1 level [defined here as hyperglipemia (hyper-glucagon-like peptide-1-emia)] were conducted whole-exome sequencing for potential pathogenic genetic defects. One novel DPP4 mutation, p.V486M (c.1456 G>A), was identified in the proband and showed damaged enzymatic activity of DPP4. Ex vivo functional study further showed that the serum from the proband markedly enhanced insulin production of primary rat islet cells. Furthermore, V486M variant and another eight DPP4 variants were identified in our in-home database and seven showed decreased enzymatic activities than wild-type DPP4, consistent with their alterations in their protein expression levels. Of note, the levels of glucose, lipids, and tumor markers (especially for CA15-3 and CA125), increased gradually in the proband during a 4-year follow-up period, although no abnormal physical symptoms or imaging results were observed...Read More
Molecular mechanisms of membrane-associated amyloid aggregation: Computational perspective and challenges.
Molecular mechanisms of membrane-associated amyloid aggregation: Computational perspective and challenges. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2018 Mar 16;: Authors: Press-Sandler O, Miller Y Abstract Amyloidogenic proteins are related to a variety of amyloid diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD). The amyloid proteins in which this review focuses include amylin, Aβ, tau and α-synuclein. Understanding the molecular mechanisms in which these amyloidogenic proteins interact with membranes is a challenging research to both experimental and computational studies. This review illustrates recent studies on amyloid-membrane interactions, but it mainly focuses on the challenge issues related to experimental techniques to investigate at the molecular level these interactions and provides thoughts and outlook for future computational studies. PMID: 29555191 [PubMed – as supplied by...Read More