Renal Hyperfiltration in Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes: Physiology, Sex Differences, and Implications for Diabetic Kidney Disease.
Renal Hyperfiltration in Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes: Physiology, Sex Differences, and Implications for Diabetic Kidney Disease. Curr Diab Rep. 2018 Mar 19;18(5):22 Authors: Bjornstad P, Cherney DZ Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Compared to adult-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D), youth with T2D have a more aggressive phenotype with greater insulin resistance (IR), more rapid β cell decline, and higher prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). RECENT FINDINGS: Hyperfiltration is common in youth with T2D and predicts progressive DKD. Hyperfiltration is a consequence of early changes in intrarenal hemodynamic function, including increased renal plasma flow (RPF) and glomerular pressure. Girls with T2D are disproportionally affected by DKD, with a 3-fold greater risk of developing hyperfiltration over 5 years compared to boys. Despite the high prevalence and gravity of DKD in youth-onset T2D, widely effective therapeutic options are lacking. In this review, we focus on pathophysiology underlying early DKD in T2D and sex differences and summarize promising novel medical therapies and bariatric surgery. PMID: 29557063 [PubMed – in...Read More